Legal protection of consumers and the right to security
Legal protection of consumers and the right to security the Single European Act reaffirmed that to fulfill the so-called “major needs,” under former Article 100A of the Treaty on European Economic Community, Member States must prove that their national legislation is non-discriminatory non-discriminatory contain restrictive provisions regarding free trade. “Big needs” included issues such as health, safety, the environment, and consumer protection. At first of the 1990s, the Commission stated: “The promotion and security of European consumers’ interests must be ensured.
For example, the Member States whose purpose or effect is to prevent, restrict, or distort competition in the domestic market, in particular, those of the external market, which are:
Directly or indirectly fix the purchase and sale prices or any other conditions of the story;?
Restrict or control production, markets, technical developments, or investments;?
Different markets or sources of supply;?
Implement terms similar to transactions with other trading parties, thereby placing them at a competitive disadvantage in protecting consumer protection rights;?
make the termination of contracts conditional upon acceptance by other parties of additional obligations which, by their nature or by commercial customs, have no relation to the subject of those contracts;
Deal any agreement or decision prohibited under this section shall be automatically void.?
However, the first paragraph’s provisions may be declared unenforceable in cases of any contract or category of agreement between undertakings;?
The Treaty of Amsterdam reaffirms the Commission’s competences in consumer protection to ensure a higher security level by taking into account social change and scientific facts.
By the Council Resolution, the Commission will develop schemes to increase consumer confidence by providing complete, systematic, and useful information, increasing market transparency, and improving product safety and security at the end of November. services, everyday market objects.”