Guidelines on consumer rights
Guidelines on consumer rights the development and expansion of the economy in many countries took on a large scale, so the free market’s need to function and the conflicting interests that dominated it necessitated market relations to be regulated by legal norms. Competition law will be encountered in the second half of the nineteenth century in the US, where the large concentration of capital in the hands of some economic entities threatened the destruction of the market system. In the US, significant improvements in transportation and communication were among the primary impetus for antitrust initiatives to safeguard consumer rights.
This was due to uncontrolled price movements, as firms became larger through mergers, acquisitions, and consumer protection acquisitions. In many socio-economic systems of different countries, wherever the market economy is present, there is also competition from commodity producers. There is a large concentration of capital in the hands of some economic entities.
1. Competition is, first and foremost, an economical category, and it is, to a large extent, synonymous with the free market.
2. The fundamental characteristic of a market economy is the freedom of economic undertakings to operate in the market, protected by the legal framework that must promote competitive behavior and combat anti-competitive practices.
3. Therefore, every market activity contains in itself a specific goal or purpose of the competition because competition itself is, in fact, an effort by the measures undertaken by economic operators in the market to secure themselves a favorable position and position.
The first comprehensive program for the European Community on consumer protection dates back to 1975, which outlined an action plan and affirmed five fundamental consumer rights: protection of health and safety, protection of economic interest, the right to information. And education, the right to complain, and the right to represent.
Member States regard consumer protection as an area that is still included within the concept of their national sovereignty. Because they were not prepared to unify this sphere of action, passing on their powers to the Union institutions, the European Civil Code project failed.
The principle of subsidiarity aims to determine the most appropriate European Union intervention level in shared competence between it and the Member States.
Action can be at the European, national or national levels. In any event, the Union can only intervene if it can act more effectively than the Member States. Ensure that consumer protection is also addressed in other laws, especially in internal commercial relations. The first program stated that: “The consumer will no longer be seen merely as a purchaser or user of goods or services for the purpose.